The Cathedral of the Protection of Most Holy Theotokos on the Moat, popularly known as Saint Basil’s Cathedral, is a Russian Orthodox cathedral erected on the Red Square in Moscow in 1555–1561. Built on the order of Ivan IV of Russia to commemorate the capture of Kazan and Astrakhan, it marks the geometric center of the city and the hub of its growth since the 14th century. It was the tallest building in Moscow until the completion of the Ivan the Great Bell Tower in 1600.

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Saint Basil’s Cathedral Moscow
Russia’s Architectural Wonder

This purchase is for a 3d building model of St Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow as DAE, 3DS, C4D and SKP that you will receive immediately after payment.

St Basil’s Cathedral is a Russian Orthodox church now turned museum that is located on the popular tourist-oriented Red Square in Moscow, Russia. It was built between 1555-1561 by the Russian tsar Ivan the Terrible to commemorate the fall and capture of Kazan and Astrakhan in 1552 and is famous for having an unusual architectural design that is unparalleled in Russia. The unique domed building is designed to resemble a bonfire with its flames rising into the sky. Originally called Trinity Church, the cathedral consisted of eight churches built around a ninth core Church of the Intercession, with a tenth church being added over the grave of St Vasily, or St Basil, from whom the cathedral derived its later name. The cathedral was the largest building in the city until the Ivan the Great Bell Tower took its place in 1600.

Now a museum, the building is still the geometric centre of the city and the focus of its growth throughout the centuries.

The Design

It is believed that the architectural design inspiration for the church came from Russian and Byzantine influences with potential Italian influence and ultimately signalled the height of Russian architecture. The surrounding churches are built symmetrically, but the central church is deliberately asymmetrical, giving the building an unusual multi-axial shape when viewed from the north and south.
The interior of the church is made up of a complex labyrinth of narrow corridors and vertical cylinders that form the surrounding churches. The Church of the Intercession measures 46 metres (151 ft) tall on the inside with a limited floor space of 64 sq. mt (690 sq. ft).

While the foundations are stone, the churches are made of red brick. A relatively new material, builders used red bricks as a decorative element both inside and outside the churches. When stucco was required, it was decorated to resemble red brickwork.
During the 17th century, Russians favoured bright, vivid colours in art and design. The colour of the domes as seen today was accomplished over a period of time, from the 1680s-1848. Taken from a biblical reference, the domes featured white, red and golden colours with green and blue ceramic inserts.

In 1928, the church was taken from the Russian Orthodox community as part of the Soviet Union’s program of state atheism. It now operates as a part of the State Historical Museum and has been added to the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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